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What is Golden Week?

March 21, 2018

carp_boys_dayJapan is a nation that famously takes their working week very seriously. Hours are often long and hard and, as paid vacation is relatively limited when compared to many western countries, the decision to take time off is not taken lightly. This goes a long way to explain why Golden Week is so fervently celebrated in Japan.

Golden Week straddles the spring months, from April 29 to May 5*, and is marked by four national holidays. As such, many Japanese take the opportunity to take the whole week off work, supplementing the non-sanctioned days with their precious paid vacation, although many businesses shut down operations entirely, giving their employees, with weekends taken into consideration, up to ten days of rest.

Not surprisingly, many people see this time as an excellent chance to get away for the week, meaning that travel and accommodation tend to come at a high price and, if you are not a tourist taken to great forward planning, you may end up paying through the nose, or even miss out entirely.

But other than a great chance to escape the office, what is Golden Week all about? Well it is, in actuality, much more than an excuse to go on a trip or visit the movies.

Showa Day,  April 29

showa_hirohito_emperorShowa Day on April 29 had originally been called Emperor’s day as it falls on the birthday of Hirohito, the Showa Emperor. Hirohito is something of a controversial figure in Japan as his reign – from 1926 to 1989 –spanned a particularly turbulent time in Japan’s modern history, and rather than being seen as a celebration of Hirohito’s life, it is meant as a day of reflection on those difficult times.

Constitutional Memorial Day, May 3

japan_constitutionThe 3rd of May is Constitutional Memorial Day, a day which is set aside to recognise the coming into effect of the current Japanese constitution on this day in 1947. However, many people, journalists and newscasters in particular, see it as a time to reflect on the nature of democracy and the current state of Japanese politics as a whole.

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Greenery Day, May 4

May 4 is perhaps the most complicated of the Golden week holidays. In 1989, with carp_boys_daythe passing of Hirohito, the Emperor’s birthday holiday switched to December 23 to celebrate the new Reigning Emperor Akihito. Loth to relinquish the precious opening day of Golden Week, April 29 was renamed Greenery Day, acknowledging Hirohito’s love for flora, whilst avoiding accrediting him directly. Then, in 2005, following the revision of Japanese holiday law, Showa day was instated and Greenery day moved to May 4* to become a time, as the name references, for Japanese to ponder upon and commune with nature.

Children’s Day, May 5

children child kimono kidsThe final bookend of Golden Week is Children’s Day on May 5. This holiday is thought to have origins in the early 7th century and was traditionally known as Boy’s Day. Up to this day families will display brightly coloured carp shaped koinobori flags (resembling and functioning in a way similar to wind socks) outside their homes, one for each boy in the household (though since the holiday was renamed Children’s Day many families fly one koinobori per child). The carp is a reference to the Chinese legend of the great fish swimming upstream to become a dragon, representative of a boy’s struggle and ultimate success in attaining manhood, and thus greatness.

By Mark Guthrie

Photo:Flickr “Carp Streamers in Yoyogi, Tokyo Japan” By OiMax (CC BY-SA 2.0) -Modified
Photo: See page for photographer[Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons -Modified
Photo: By The government of Japan [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons-Modified

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